La Roque Saint-Christophe

Part two – Everything including the kitchen sink

The well winch (foreground) was used to lift and lower two loads at the same time. When one load went up the other went down.

The well winch

The well winch

The single barrel winch was used for lifting heavy loads. It is easy to imagine one large man or two small men to walk inside the wheel in order to lift about seven times his/or their body weight.

The single barrel winch

The single barrel winch

The swing crane with beam. The Hobbit is me; I look so small standing along side the winch

tricksy hobbitses?

tricksy hobbitses?

The Great staircase, this is one of my favourites. It is one of the largest monolithic staircases in Europe. It has thirty two steps cut out of the rock face and leads to the fifth terrace where projectiles were discovered. It is unsafe for visitors so unfortunately closed to the public. At the side of the staircase is an area cut out of the rock, it was a defence lodge for men in arms

The Great Staircase

The Great Staircase

Inside one of the reconstructed medieval homes.

Interior decoration

Interior decoration

The fortress kitchen. All of the displays are exact replicas of archaeological objects found on the site.

A rustic kitchen

A rustic kitchen

As for the drainage system, a sink and a gutter were cut out of the rock close to the exit. Cupboards and rings, all cut out of the rock, are visible, as well as simple holes carved to accommodate shelves.

And the kitchen sink

And the kitchen sink

The first inhabitants of the site were probably Neanderthal man who occupied the site 55000 years ago. Many skeletons were found on this site.

Neanderthal man

Neanderthal man and woman + bear

To find out more visit www.roque-st-christohe.com

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La Rogue Saint-Christophe

Part one – Stepping back into Prehistory

The Vézère Valley is often referred to as the Valley of Mankind because it has such a wealth of prehistoric sites, fifteen of which have been listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It is thought that people were living in this area as far back as 400,000 years ago; today you can still see evidence of their lives, particularly in the area around Les Eyzies.

La Rogue Saint-Christophe at Payzac-le-Moustier is one kilometre long and eighty meters high. Its limestone walls have been eroded by the rain and frost to shape hundreds of rock shelters and long overhanging terraces. The natural cavities have been occupied since prehistory and were altered to become a fort and a medieval town until the start of the Renaissance period. It was so impregnable that during the Hundred Years War the English managed to take it only by starving out the inhabitants.

This photograph was taken before we entered the Fortress, at the small café, a rather unusual visiter popped in to beg treats.

A Donkey roaming around looking for treats

A Donkey roaming around looking for treats

This was the only entrance to the fortress. The defence system of this entrance includes a narrow passageway which is just below the look-out post, from which stones could be thrown onto the heads of any assailants. A reinforced drawbridge was added in the Middle Ages.

Fortress lookout post

Entrance to the Fortress-the lookout post

From this second lookout post you can see a cave at the far side of the cliff. Also from this position a watchman could see or hear someone stationed in a similar lookout post further downstream, the second watchman could then communicate with a third and so on for 11.16 miles (almost 18 kilometres).

lookout system

An extremely effective lookout system

The safe, dating from around the 12th century-you can clearly see the marks from the shelves.

The safe

The safe

This is the gorgeous view across the Vézère River from the long terrace

The view across the Vezere river

The Vézère river

The town

This shelter is over 300 yards long. It is the biggest natural shelter in Europe. Around thirty houses would have stood here, on this enormous terrace. Down below you can see two other floors and communicating staircases. In total there would have been hundreds of houses simply built into the hollows of the cliff face, others built directly onto the rock, but all clinging to the different levels of the cliff.

I was very glad of the safety rail

I was very glad of the safety rail

This model is a partial reconstruction of the town at the end of the Middle Ages.

Middle Ages

The town at the end of the Middle Ages

Along the way are pictures on the cliff face to give you more of a sense of what it used to be like.

Medieval town

Medieval town